Assignment is the legal term referring to the transfer of ownership when intellectual property is bought and sold.
A counterfeit article is an article that is identical with or so similar to the registered article such that it can be deceptive and seem to represent the registered article or the goods or services to be the genuine goods or services by the owner of the registered article.
There can be infringement of copyright, trade mark or patent.Infringement of copyright can be primary, where a person reproduces or performs the copyright article entirely or substantially in Singapore. Copyright infringement may also be secondary, where a person facilitates the reproduction or performance of the copyright article in Singapore.Infringement of trade mark refers to instances where the marks or the goods and services are identical, or situations where the marks or the goods and services are similar such that there is a likelihood of confusion or association with the registered trade mark.Infringement of patented product occurs when a person makes, disposes of, offers to dispose of, uses, imports or keeps the product in Singapore without the consent of the patent proprietor, while the patent is in force. Infringement of a patented process occurs when a person uses the process or offers the use of the process in Singapore without the consent of the patent proprietor, while the patent is in force. Infringement of a patented process also occurs when a person disposes of, offers to dispose of, uses, imports or keeps any product obtained directly by means of the patented process, without the consent of the patent proprietor, while the patent is in force.
Dilution refers to the reduction of the distinctiveness of a trade mark to identify and distinguish goods or services.
Goodwill refers to the reputation that a business enjoys that can draw customers to buy the goods or services provided by the specific business. Therefore, goodwill distinguishes old-established businesses from newly-started businesses, and can be found where customers choose to buy certain goods or services from the old-established business due to its reputation for selling those goods or services.
Licensing allows the usage of intellectual property where there is consent from the owner of the intellectual property to carry out the specified activity.